Recognition of boulder in granite deposit using integrated borehole and 2D electrical resistivity imaging for effective mine planning and development


Author : Muhammad Junaid, Rini Asnida Abdullah, Radzuan Saa’ri, M. Alel, Wahid Ali, Arshad UllahPublication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of MalaysiaNo. : 67Page : 99-104Year : 2019DOI : DOI : https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm67201912


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Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 67, June 2019, pp. 99 – 104

Recognition of boulder in granite deposit using integrated borehole and 2D electrical resistivity imaging for effective mine planning and development

Muhammad Junaid1, Rini Asnida Abdullah1,*, Radzuan Saa’ri1, M. Alel1, Wahid Ali1,2, Arshad Ullah1

1 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
2 Department of Mining Engineering, Balochistan University of Information Technology,
Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS), Airport Road, Quetta, Pakistan
*Corresponding author email address: asnida@utm.my

Abstract: Evaluations of a mineral resource are necessary for mineral rights, owners and investors alike. However, for
resource evaluation the detail documentation of subsurface geological spatial distribution such as lateral and vertical
extent of bedrock and topsoil, hydrogeological investigation and boulder characterisation is mandatory. Boulder is hard
and crystalline compact rock block, which substantial presence in a deposit highly influence the drilling equipment
selection. A traditional exploration technique particularly for granite resource evaluation is drilling. But even finite number
of drilling sample fails in the accurate delineation of boulders because drilling is limited to small point and rock mass
is heterogenous and thus immense portion of the deposit via drilling method remain discern. 2D electrical resistivity
imaging (2D ERT) technique of the study area over an area of 3.5 km2 was accomplished by six resistivity lines using a Schlumberger protocol with inner and outer electrode spacing of 5 m and 10 m respectively. Inverted resistivity images
successfully identify the existence of boulders in the area of investigation in the topsoil region; characterized by high
resistivity values more than 2400 Ω.m. Whereas, only one core log (BH3) out of three reported presence of boulders.
Thus, the research study presented in this paper enables us to conclude that the combined application of borehole and
ERT allows us to derive that 2D ERT enhances the resource evaluation efficiency and reduces the cost considerably for
underlying subsurface geological characterization.

Keywords: Electrical resistivity imaging, boulders, granite, borehole, mine planning

DOI : https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm67201912