Warta Geologi, Vol. 46, No. 3, December 2020, pp. 199–203


Warta Geologi, Vol. 46, No. 3, December 2020, pp. 199–203

Identification of unconfined aquifer using 3D resistivity analysis at Simpang 5 area, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Supriyadi1,*, Fianti1, Dwi Rizki R1, Agus Setyawan2, Ronaldo Talapessy3
1 Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
2 Physics Department, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
3 Graduate School Of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan
* Corresponding author email address: supriyadi@mail.unnes.ac.id

Abstract: Water is a unique property of the Earth and very important to every living organism. The existence of groundwater is only 0.61% of the total water on earth (oceans, rivers, lakes, polar ice, rain). The purpose of this research is to determine the location and depth of the aquifer by using 2D and 3D modeling. The method of research is resistivity method using Schlumberger configuration, where data is collected according to the survey design with coordinate ranging from X:436100, Y:9226880 to X:436680, Y:9227640, and covered by 7 lines. The modeling results indicate that the present groundwater aquifer potential has low resistivity distribution in this area. The spreading of unconfined aquifer is estimated on the north side to the east of Simpang 5 area. This can be seen from syncing the data of line one to six. But the data on line seven is of different patterns with other lines. The existence of groundwater basin is not easily identified on this line. This may be due to the location of Line Seven being located in the area of Ciputra Mall, Horison Hotel and Tlogorejo Hospital with higher consumption of water, thus the decrease in groundwater condition. This may cause conditions such as land subsidence. The results of interpretation based on the modeling show the possibility of an unconfined aquifer with groundwater level at 10-15 m depth with varied end of border groundwater depth.

Keywords: Alluvium, geoelectric, groundwater, unconfined aquifer, Simpang 5, Semarang

DOI : https://doi.org/10.7186/wg463202005