A quantitative study of the seismic time-amplitude reflection characteristics in an oil field

Author : Ng Tong San, Idrus Mohd Shuhud and Leong Lap Sau
Publication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia
Page : 93-104
Volume Number : 36
Year : 1994
DOI : https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm36199409

Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 36, Dec. 1994, pp. 93-104

A quantitative study of the seismic time-amplitude reflection characteristics in an oil field


1PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd., Wisma Peladang, Jalan Bukit Bintang, P.O. Box 12407, 50776 Kuala Lumpur

2PETRONAS Research & Scientific Service Sdn. Bhd., Lot 1026, PKNS Industrial Estate, 54200 Hulu Kelang

3School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang


Abstract: The seismic time-amplitude reflection characteristics of selected sandstone horizons in a recently developed oil field are examined for effects of thicknesses, continuity and bed quality. This study uses an integrated approach of well data calibration, forward seismic modelling and 3D seismic data set for interpretation. In this area, wireline logs indicate velocity to be a poor lithologic descriptor. The acoustic impedance at sand-shale interfaces could be accounted for by changes in the density instead. Gassmann‘s equation confirms the minor effect of velocity perturbation with gas. Forward amplitude modelling 1D for sandstone encased in shale in the selected stratigraphic horizons permits values of tuning thicknesses to be ascertained for each lithologic units. This learning phase quantities subsequent reflection parameters and aids 3D seismic interpretation. Preliminary results suggest an east-west trending sandstone reservoir with thicker and better developed sandstone horizons towards the flanks of the anticlinal structure.