Seismic stratigraphic interpretation for the thin layers: case studies

Author : Kuo-An Lin, Shi-Chi Fuh & Hsiung-Mao Chen
Publication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia
Page : 1-21
Volume Number : 21
Year : 1987

Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 21, Dec. 1987; pp. 1 – 21

Seismic stratigraphic interpretation for thin layers: case studies


Exploration & Development Research Centre, Chinese Petroleum Corporation, Miaoli, Taiwan, ROC


Abstract: A quantitative analysis system was developed and successfully applied in resolving thin porous sands, which could not be revealed by traditional methods.

The original seismic data was enhanced by reprocessing. The zero-phase wavelet synthetic seismograms and log information demonstrated the reliable quality of the seismic data, and provided the basis for constructing stratigraphic interpretation charts. A computer was used to locate the accurate coordinates of the peaks and the troughs of the seismic wavelets for the objective beds. The porosity-feet of the beds were estimated from the peak-to-trough amplitudes and time separations.

Two cases of thin-bed stratigraphy in Taiwan were studied by the above-mentioned methods. Both of these cases involved porous sands imbedded in shales. The porosity-feet of the sands in Case 1 vary from 2 to 10 meters, at about 2,000 meters depth; those in the Case 2 vary from 2 to 5 meters at about 1,000 meters depth. The porosity-thickness in the two cases approximates that from drilling data. Each of the cases demonstrates that more favorable sand zones exist than those previously drilled.