Application of residual basalt for the cultivation of jasmine rice from northeastern Thailand; an example of the reduction of methane emissions

Author : Weerapon Kaew-in, Montri Choowong
Publication : Warta Geologi
Page : 170-179
Volume Number : 49
Year : 2023

Warta Geologi, Vol. 49, No. 3, December 2023, pp. 170–179

Application of residual basalt for the cultivation of jasmine rice from northeastern Thailand; an example of the reduction of methane emissions

Weerapon Kaew-in1, Montri Choowong2,*

1 Graduate School, Environmental Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
2 Center of Excellence for the Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards in Southeast Asia (MESA CE), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 Thailand

* Corresponding author email address:

Abstract: The cultivation of rice in mainland Southeast Asia countries is concerned with the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) today. Methane is one of the GHG gases originating from long flooding periods of rice growth. This paper aimed to experiment with the environmentally re-soil technique by adding residual basalt in the rice cultivation process with non-fertilizer usage and to shorten the flooding period as a consequence to reduce methane emissions. We apply wet-dry techniques in rice production to measure rice growth and yield. We analyzed the chemical qualities of residual basalt from the Khao Kradong, Buriram province, northeastern Thailand where extinct volcanoes and residual soils are extensively located nearby. A geological survey after processing the GIS data was carried out to specify the suitable residual basaltic sites. Then, residual basaltic soil from 7 profiles was analyzed by XRD and XRF. Then, the selected residual basalt was used for mixing with local soil in the jasmine rice experiment where the rice growth and yield, coupled with aromatic properties were observed. The results showed that the re-soil technique significantly and positively affected the height of rice, germination, number of ears, number of seeds per ear, and the total yield weight.The yield of the experiment is equal to the average yield of planting with chemical or organic fertilizers, but water is saved for 42 days. With a total cultivation period of 126 days, rice production can reduce water usage by 33.3%, with no need for fertilizers.

Keywords: Residual basalt, re-soil, methane, GHG, Khao Dawk Mali 105, Khorat Plateau


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Manuscript received 29 August 2023;
Received in revised form 30 October 2023;
Accepted 4 December 2023
Available online 30 December 2023


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