Application of shallow seismic reflection in geoenvironment and geoengineering mapping


Author : Umar Hamzah, Abdul Rahim Samsudin & Abdul Ghani RafekPublication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of MalaysiaVolume : 43Page : 191-196Year : 1999


Description

Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 43, Dec. 1999, pp. 191 - 196

 

Application of shallow seismic reflection in geoenvironment and geoengineering mapping

UMAR HAMZAH, ABDUL RAHIM SAMSUDIN AND ABDUL GHANI RAFEK

Jabatan Geologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor D.E.

 

Abstract: Shallow seismic reflection is one of the surface geophysical techniques to investigate indirectly subsurface structures within depths of 200 meters. Structures such as faults, sedimentary features, hydrogeological aquifers, depth to bedrock and limestone sinkholes are always related to the geological mapping. This paper presents some of the shallow seismic reflection results in imaging subsurface structures at a few selected localities. The presence of a limestone sinkhole as small as 20 m x 5 m was imaged at the old limestone quarry in Batu Caves, Kuala Lumpur. Sedimentary structures, aquifers and thickness of alluvium on granite bedrock were imaged from surveys at Pekan, Pahang and Bacok, Kelantan. Faults have also been detected using the same technique from a survey in Midland, England. Currently a minimum depth obtained is approximately 20 m and the vertical resolution is approximately 5m.

 

Abstrak: Seismos pantulan cetek adalah satu daripada kaedah geofizik permukaan yang digunakan untuk mengkaji secara tidak langsung struktur bawah permukaan pada kedalaman sehingga 200 meter. Pemetaan geologi bawah permukaan selalunya melibatkan struktur-struktur geologi seperti sesar, gejala sedimen, akuifer hidrogeologi, kedalaman batuan dasar dan rerongga batu kapur. Kertas ini membincangkan beberapa keputusan survei seismos pantulan cetek yang dilakukan untuk mengimej struktur bawah permukaan dibeberapa lokaliti terpilih. Kehadiran rerongga dalam batu kapur bersaiz sebesar 20 m x 5 m telah berjaya dikesan dalam batu kapur di Batu Caves, Kuala Lumpur. Beberapa struktur sedimen, lapisan akuifer dan ketebalan aluvium yang menindih granit telah dapat diimejkan dengan survei seismos di kawasan Pekan, Pahang dan Bachok, Kelantan. Struktur sesar juga telah dapat dikesan di kawasan Midland, England dengan menggunakan kaedah yang sarna. Sehingga kini kaedah seismos pantulan cetek hanya dapat dapat mengesan struktur pada kedalaman melebihi 20 m dengan resolusi menegak disekitar 5 m.

https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm43199920