Thin bed resolution and the determination of flushed zone resistivity in oil based mud

Author : Joseph F. Goetz, Roland Chemali & Douglas J. SeifertPublication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of MalaysiaVolume : 27Page : 103-115Year : 1990


Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 27, November 1990, pp. 103 – 115


Thin bed resolution and the determination of flushed zone resistivity in oil based mud


1Halliburton Logging Services, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

2Halliburton Logging Services, Austin Texas, U.S.A.


Abstract: In the detailed description of reservoirs, thin bed resolution by wireline techniques is a vital factor. While common microresistivity devices may suffice in water based muds, special techniques must be devised for oil based drilling fluids. Rather than running an exclusively designed tool, a cost saving could be effected if the desired information could be derived from a logging tool routinely run for other purposes. The Six Arm Dipmeter has been extraordinarily successful in producing dips in oil based muds. The raw data can also be used for discrimination of sand-shale laminae down to thicknesses as little as one inch. A reliable measurement of net sand thickness is thus provided as well as the volume fraction of shale in laminated form, Vlam for input into laminated shaly sand saturation equations.

In addition, the same measurement provides data for the value of the flushed zone resistivity, Rxo in oil based muds, information which can be used to further refine saturation computation. This is possible because the Six Arm Dipmeter generates resistivity curves absolutely calibrated in ohm.m. Furthermore, there is scope to study the depth of invasion of specific oil based muds, and because measurements are made on six sides of the hole, to recognize and bypass pad contact problems.

These applications of the Six Arm Dipmeter are approached from both the computer modeling and field examples.