Peat soil engineering and mechanical properties improvement under the effect of EKS technique at Parit Kuari, Batu Pahat, Johor, West Malaysia


Author : Abdul Wahab, Zaidi Embong, Muzamir Hasan, Habib Musa, Qamar UZ Zaman, Hidyat UllahPublication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of MalaysiaNumber : 70Page : 133-138Year : Nov 2020DOI : doi.org/10.7186/bgsm70202011


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Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 70, November 2020, pp. 133 - 138
 

Peat soil engineering and mechanical properties improvement under the effect of EKS technique at Parit Kuari, Batu Pahat, Johor, West Malaysia

Abdul Wahab1,2,*, Zaidi Embong1,2, Muzamir Hasan3, Habib Musa4, Qamar UZ Zaman5, Hidyat Ullah6

1Research Centre for Soft Soil (RECESS), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
2Faculty of Applied Science and Technology (FAST), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
3College of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
4Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
5Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xian, PR China
6Department of Science and Technology, University of Stavanger, Norway
* Corresponding author email address: wahab.dir555@gmail.com

Abstract: This study focused on the stabilization of peat soil and its engineering and mechanical properties improvement such as shear strength, moisture content, liquid limit and shear wave velocity. Peat is considered as weak foundation soil as they have low shear strength, high compressibility and high moisture content. One of the major problems for the construction industries in Malaysia is slope instability, bearing capacity failure and excessive settlement foundation for the development of highways and buildings when its undertaken-on peatland. Malaysia contains about 3 million hectares peatland which cover 8% of its total land. Therefore, it is essential to find an appropriate way to enhance its properties and to ensure the reduction and solution of these problems can finally solve by applying the electrokinetic stabilization (EKS) method. The peat soil samples were collected from Parit Kuari, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. In the proposed technique, the voltage gradient of 110 and 150 V was applied for the period of 3 and 6 hours. Some laboratory parameters such as shear strength, moisture content (MC), liquid limit, and shear wave velocity were observed for pre as well as for post-EK. It was observed that strength was found significantly improved from 11.66 to 70 kPa, MC was reduced from 613.989 to 270.294%, liquid limit was increased from 159.261 to 217.603%, and shear wave velocity was improved from 68.5 to 110.5 m/s. A significant improvement has been observed in the physical properties of the peat soil by applying the progressive approach showing the robustness of the methodology.

Keywords: Peat soil, shear strength, electrokinetic stabilization

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm70202011