Comparison of isotope and hydrochemical characteristics of springs in Sembalun – Rinjani Area, East Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia before and after the earthquake events in 2018


Author : Satrio Satrio, Rasi Prasetio, B. Yoseph C.S.S. Syah Alam, M. Sapari D. Hadian, Hendarmawan HendarmawanPublication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of MalaysiaNo. : 71Page : 215 - 226Year : 2021DOI : doi.org/10.7186/bgsm71202117


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Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 71, May 2021, pp. 215 - 226

Comparison of isotope and hydrochemical characteristics of springs in Sembalun – Rinjani Area, East Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia before and after the earthquake events in 2018

Satrio Satrio1,*, Rasi Prasetio1, B. Yoseph C.S.S. Syah Alam1, M. Sapari D. Hadian2, Hendarmawan Hendarmawan2
1 Center for Isotopes and Radiation Application, Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Geological Engineering, Padjajaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
* Corresponding author email address: satrio@batan.go.id

Abstract: The current 2019 isotope and hydrochemical study of hot and cold springs in Sembalun - Rinjani area is a re-assessment of previous similar study in 2012. The aim of this study is to assess the isotope and hydrochemical characteristics of springs due to the earthquake events in 2018. After the earthquake events in 2018, the stable isotopes δ18O and δ2H
composition of Sebau hot spring and most of cold springs is shifted into more depleted values which may indicate water-rock interaction or interaction with cold waters which has more depleted δ18O and δ2H values. Also, Sebau hot spring is still plotted at mixing line of meteoric and andesitic water, but still dominant meteoric water. The hydrochemical data of all cold springs and Orok river show the enrichment of Na, probably from silicates weathering or the cation exhchange. While hydrochemical composition of Sebau hot spring is significantly decreased, except SO4, probably due to dilution with cold waters before the thermal water reach the surface. The Piper diagram showed that cold springs and Orok river are Ca-Mg-HCO3 type before and after the earthquake events. While Sebau hot spring is shifted from Ca-Cl type into mixed Ca-Mg-Cl type after the earthquake events. The temperature of Sebau hot spring slightly decreased from 35.5 °C to 34.8 °C after the earthquake events, while Na/K geothermometer calculation also indicate decreasing of sub-surface temperature, i.e. from 146–165 °C to 130–150 °C.

Keywords: Lombok earthquake 2018, Sembalun – Rinjani, springs, stable isotope, hydrochemical, geothermometer

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm71202117