EPMA characterisation of ilmenite from amang of the Kinta and Klang Valleys, Peninsular Malaysia

Author : G.H. Teh & Irdawati Hj. Lokman
Publication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia
Page : 81-92
Volume Number : 45
Year : 2002
DOI : https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm45200212

Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 45, May 2002, pp. 81 – 92


EPMA characterisation of ilmenite from amang of the Kinta and Klang Valleys, Peninsular Malaysia

G.H. Teh and Irdawati Hj. Lokman

Department of Geology, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur


Abstract: Samples of heavy minerals concentrates were collected from the Kinta Valley and the surrounding areas of the Klang Valley to characterise ilmenite (FeTiO3) both physically and chemically using the EPMA (electronprobe microanalyzer).

The ilmenite grains in both valleys are not homogeneous and are associated with other heavy minerals that include monazite, xenotime, zircon, rutile, cassiterite, wolframite and topaz. Common textures of the ilmenite grains include replacement by leaching, intergrowths and exsolutions. In addition interesting exsolutions involving monazite, xenotime and ilmenorutile were observed. Generally the amang from the Klang Valley has more ilmenite while that from the Kinta Valley has more monazite, xenotime, zircon, rutile and wolframite.

The ilmenite from the two valleys were analysed on the EPMA to show the variations of TiO2 and FeO from the different localities. The TiO2 content for ilmenite, on the average, is quite similar for the Kinta and Klang Valleys, 49.7875-65.4251% to 49.0360-65.6274% respectively. The results show that the amang from both valleys have TiO2 ranging from 49.4118% to 65.5263%.