The correlation between Rare Earth Elements and tin in granite, quartz vein, and weathered granite samples, in South Bangka, Bangka Belitung Islands, Indonesia

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Author : Armin Tampubolon*, Ildrem Syafri, Mega Fatimah Rosana, Euis Tintin Yuningsih
Publication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia
Page : 73-85
Volume Number : 77
Year : 2024
DOI : https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm77202408

Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 77, May 2024, pp. 73 – 85

The correlation between Rare Earth Elements and tin in granite, quartz vein, and weathered granite samples, in South Bangka, Bangka Belitung Islands, Indonesia

Armin Tampubolon1,2,*, Ildrem Syafri 1, Mega Fatimah Rosana1, Euis Tintin Yuningsih1

1 Faculty of Geological Engineering, Padjadjaran University, Dipati Ukur Street No. 35, Bandung 40132, West Java, Indonesia

2 Research Centre for Geological Resources, National Research and Innovation Agency, Sangkuriang Street No. 21, Bandung 40135, West Java, Indonesia

*Corresponding author email address: armin.tampubolon@gmail.com

Abstract: The presence of Rare Earth Elements (REEs) is often correlated with tin (Sn), particularly at placer deposits in the Bangka Belitung Islands. However, there is limited information on the correlation between Sn and REEs. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the correlation between REEs and Sn using data analysis of Sn-W, REEs, Y, Th, and U in granite, quartz veins, and weathered granite samples from South Bangka. The statistical analysis carried out using the Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate processing showed that Sn-REEs have a weakly negative correlation. The examination of genetic aspects through chemical analysis, mineralogy, and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) data, showed that Sn and REE originated from the same magmatic fluids but different depositional phases due to magmatic-hydrothermal processes. The results show that REEs were formed during the early magmatic crystallization as mineral and stannite (Cu-Sn) in granite, while Sn was enriched as cassiterite in the deposition of late-stage hydrothermal fluid in parental granite. Moreover, the variation in deposition stage and temperature during the formation process is depicted in statistically uncorrelated values for Sn and REEs.

Keywords: Sn-REEs, stannite, cassiterite, Pearson coefficient, multivariate, genetic relationship

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Manuscript received 17 August 2023;
Received in revised form 13 October 2023;
Accepted 26 December 2023
Available online 30 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.7186/bgsm77202408

0126-6187; 2637-109X / Published by the Geological Society of Malaysia.
© 2024 by the Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License 4.0.